Green Coffee Bean
Coffee from Indonesia is very popular in other countries, the aroma and the taste that is fragrant and distinctive are the hallmarks of the Indonesian coffee, because of this many cafe and industry from all over the world continued to subscribe to Indonesian coffee.
Indonesian Coffee that we Cover
1. Manggarai, East Nusa Tenggara
Flores highlands, NTT is the capital of the district of Manggarai This small town is attached to the slope of the north side of the Mandusawu green mountain range, at an altitude of 1.200 meters above sea level. The temperature ranges between 13°C - 25°C with a humidity level reaching 90% In addition to very cold temperatures, Ruteng is a rainy city with a high intensity.
Since 2004 Manggarai coffee farmers have received guidance so they can improve quality and increase selling prices. It was not popular at the time and the price of coffee was still below the coffee market price in New York, and even reached 40% below it with this effort, now the market price reaches 5% to 10% above the New York market price.
Apart from the strong taste and aroma, the shape of Manggarai coffee looks different from coffee originating from other regions in Indonesia. The size and the color is sparkling, there is a strong aroma of chocolate, if you drink it feels heavy and the level of acidity is high Indonesian coffee including Flores Manggarai coffee is a specialty coffee type whose selling price is higher and the market coverage is wider. This type of specialty coffee is not even owned by Vietnam, so Indonesia is one step ahead
2. Kintamani, Bali
Bali Kintamani Coffee produced in narrow area located in northeast Bali highlands at an altitude 1.000-1.500 meters above sea level. This area is populated by Bali Agha (Bali indigeneous peoples) which an etcnic minority that the majority of the people profess Hinduism. Bali Agha is a very religious society and they implemented their religion teachings that are believed into their daily social life, including in their work in farming.
Bali Kintamani coffee farmers have a social system in the form of what they called Subak Abian. Subak Abian is a social institution and it has a very important role in coordinating farmers with its Awig-Awig Subak Abian. Awig-Awig Subak Abian is a set of Social Act Guidance in coffee farming, it also can be said as a eksternal control to maintain the quality of Bali Kintamani Coffee.
Balinesse Coffee farmers has practicing organic farming in their crop in effort to maintain their coffee bean quality, they use organic fertilizer. Generally they did not use pest control on their coffee crop, on the other hand they only applied the pest control to orange tree around the field. Because of the geographic location and farming practice, Bali Kintamani Coffee has a unique flavor and quality, its reputation has been recognized around the globe.
Java is the one of the largest islands in the archipelago and also the largest producer of coffee. Java is renowned for its gourmet Arabica coffee. Arabica coffee is most suited to altitudes over 1500m. It grows well in temperatures of 16-20 degrees Celsius. Java coffee farmer spread across the island, from east to west.
Not limited for the Arabica, farmers are also grown Robusta and Excelsa or Liberica coffee. Java is also known as producing one of the finest aged coffees in the world in Old Java. Javanese coffee beans can be stored in warehouses for two to three years. This increases the strong full bodied taste that Arabica is known for.
Java coffees are usually fully washed, and known for their low acidity and heavy body. A fine Java coffee has a low-toned richness that is typical of Indonesian and New Guinea coffees, but with a full body that is clean and thick, and a medium acidity along with earthy qualities, but less earthy than some other Indonesian coffees such as Borneo, Sulawesi and Sumatra.
Sumatra is another major coffee producing area of Indonesia. The island of Sumatra has the perfect climate for growing Arabica beans. The perfectly balanced soil, combined with the islands location on the equator create a tropical climate thats perfect for growing Arabica beans. It's one of the first places coffee was grown on a large scale. Coffee production on the island of Sumatra is thought to have begun around 1884, near Lake Toba, which is the largest volcanic lake in the world.
More than 90% of coffee beans in Sumatra is grown by smallholders, on farms of around one hectare (roughly 2.5 acres) in size. Sumatra coffee captures the wild jungle essence of this tropical Indonesian island. Wet hulling is the most common processing method used in Sumatra. Coffees processed this way are sometimes called natural or dry processed.
Sumatran coffee’s unique characteristics stem from wet hulling produce coffees with muted flavors and aromas. Instead of being known for their notes, Sumatran coffees are typically characterized by their full bodies and low acidity. The aromas and flavors they do feature tend to be funky: earthy, spicy, wild, mossy, mushroomy. When you experience Sumatran coffee, some customers say they are hooked for life.